Spanish is the first language of million people around the world. Forty-one million Americans are Spanish native speakers. Spanish is the second most-spoken language in the world and currently Spanish speakers represent 7. This means that in the next generation one in ten people in the world will speak Spanish. With origins in the fall of the Rome, and rapid expansion through the conquest of the Americas, the Spanish language traces its history through the rise and fall of great empires.
Learning Spanish as a Filipino in the 21st Century
Spanish, along with others like French, Italian and Portuguese, is one of the Romance languages—a family of modern languages with foundations in Latin. The Spanish language has many other influences as well.
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Several other languages, including Greek, Arabic, and some of the languages of the native cultures of the Americas have contributed words to Spanish in its modern form. Languages in Spanish emerged as distinct dialects following years of invasion and settlement of the Iberian Peninsula modern day Spain and Portugal throughout the Middle Ages. Most scholars agree that modern Spanish was established in a standard written form in the 13th century in the Kingdom of Castile in the Spanish city of Toledo.
Today, Castilian Spanish is the most widely spoken language in Spain, with several regional Spanish languages such as Basque and Catalan still spoken in their respective regions. The Spanish language was brought across the Atlantic to the Americas by Spanish explorers and Conquistadors in the 16th and 17th centuries, and it spread rapidly throughout North, Central and South America and the Caribbean. The proliferation of Spanish as an adopted language is evident in the fact that today, Spain, the birthplace of the language, does not have the largest Spanish-speaking population.
The History & Development Of Latin American Spanish
Both Mexico and Columbia have larger groups of native speakers. And today, with more than million native speakers in 20 countries, Spanish is truly a world language, and the second most spoken language on the planet after Mandarin Chinese. In the United States, over 45 million people are native or second-language Spanish speakers and make significant cultural contributions to the nation.
Speakers of some of those, such as Portuguese and Italian, can often communicate with Spanish speakers to a limited extent. Although there is no clear boundary defining when the Latin of what is now the north-central area of Spain became Spanish, it is safe to say that the language of the Castile region became a distinct language in part because of efforts by King Alfonso in the 13th century to standardize the language for official use.
By the time Columbus came to the Western Hemisphere in , Spanish had reached the point where the language as spoken and written would be easily understandable today. The labels used vary regionally and sometimes according to political viewpoint.
Although English speakers sometimes use "Castilian" to refer to the Spanish of Spain as opposed to that of Latin America, that isn't the distinction used among Spanish speakers. Spanish is one of the world's most phonetic languages.
If you know how a word is spelled, you can almost always know how it is pronounced although the reverse isn't true. The main exception is recent words of foreign origin, which usually retain their original spelling.
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